Krav Maga was officially created in August 1971 by Imi Lichtenfeld. Imi was originally born in May 26th 1910 in Bratislava, which was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at that time. Through participation in 2nd World War, Imi resided in Israel where he joined the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) and became head instructor for self defense. After 20 years of service in which he perfected his self defense technique and how he viewed martial arts he invented the best self defense known as Krav Maga.
After Imi left the IDF he opened 2 academies, one in Tel Aviv and one in Netanya where he started to teach Krav Maga to citizens. He chose 10 students out of which the founder of Bukan, Yaron Lichtenstein, was part of them. Seeing people's interest in Krav Maga, Imi and Yaron planned on extending the reach of Krav Maga and Imi's way, so they created Bukan School of Krav Maga in 1977. Today, Bukan is the largest Krav Maga School operating in 14 countries across 5 continents in more than 110 cities.
Imi created Krav-Maga so that people can learn how to defend themselves in the most efficient way and get home safely. It's not a combat sport, it's self defense, in that sense the purpose is not to fight an enemy but to defend yourself when encountering one. His philosophy can be further analyzed in he techniques and teaching of Bukan.